Tsavo East National Park was established in 1948. It lies between Nairobi and the coast. The Nairobi-Mombasa railway and road divide the park: Tsavo West (7,800 sq km/3,000 sq mi) and Tsavo East (13,000 sq km/5,000 sq mi). Tsavo is a game reserve, containing thousands of elephants, and large numbers of other animals including buffaloes, gazelles, giraffes, hippopotamuses, impalas, leopards, lions, black rhinoceroses, and warthogs. The park has more elephants and black rhinoceroses than any other part of Africa. There are large numbers of birds and other small animals.
The park lies on a high plain, varying between 300 m and 600 m (1,000 ft and 2,000 ft) above sea level. Most of the land is savanna, with scattered trees, but part is forest. Four rivers run through the park, but two of them have no water in the dry season. Annual rainfall varies from 400 mm (16 in) in the savanna to 2,000 mm (80 in) in the forest region. However, rainfall can be erratic and the park has been hit by droughts, causing loss of animal life. It is the unreliable rainfall, plus the presence of tsetse fly, that makes cattle rearing impossible, and that led to Tsavo being set aside as a national park. The park is unfenced, and animals move in and out as they please.
The joint mass of Tsavo West and Tsavo East National Parks forms one of the largest National Parks in the world and covers a massive 4% of Kenya’s total land area. Tsavo East, the largest of the two, lies to the east of nairobi-mombasa road, equidistant between Nairobi and Mombasa, and offers a vast and untapped arena of arid bush which is washed by the azure and emerald meanderings of the Galana River, guarded by the limitless lava reaches of the Yatta Plateau and patrolled by some of the largest elephants herds kin Kenya.
WHAT TO SEE
Elephants in Eden
The sight of dust-red elephants wallowing, rolling and spraying each other with the midnight blue waters of the palm shaded Galana River is one of the evocative images of Africa
The beautiful Aruba dam, located on the North bank of the seasonal Voi River, is visited by thousands of animals and makes a great game-viewing destination
This whale-backed rock towers a above a nature dam, which act as a draw to hundreds of elephants
The Longest Lava Flow in the Word
At 300 Km in length, the heat-shimmering edge of the Yatta Plateau is the longest lava flow in the world and an ornithological paradise that attracts migrating birds from all over the world
Named after Captain Lugard, the first proconsul to East Africa, the fall feature a bizarrely eroded rock neck through which the waters of the Galana River plunge into foaming rapid crocodile-infested pools
Spectacular Voyages of Discovery
Tsavo offers some of the most magnificent game drive in the world-vast herds of dust-red elephants, fat pod of hippos, giants of crocodiles.